Arizona covers 114,006 square miles and has a population of 5,130,632 people. Arizona’s capital is Phoenix, which has a population of 1,321,045. Other important cities are Tucson (pop. 486,699), Mesa (pop. 396,375), Scottsdale (pop. 202,705), Glendale (pop. 218,812), Yuma (pop. 77,515), Chandler (pop. 176,581), Gilbert (pop. 109,697), Casas Adobes (pop. 54,011), and Flagstaff (pop. 52,894).
Arizona was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1912 as the 48th state. The state flower is the “Saguaro Cactus Blossom” and it’s nickname is “The Grand Canyon State”. Arizona’s economy is broken into two categories; agriculture and industry. Cattle, cotton, dairy products, lettuce, nursery stock and hay provide for the agricultural side. While copper and other mining, electric equipment, transportation equipment, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, electronics and tourism provide for the industrial side.
Arizona is best known for its desert landscape, which is rich in xerophyte plants such as the cactus. It is also known for its climate, which presents exceptionally hot summers and mild winters. Less well known is the pine-covered high country of the Colorado Plateau in the north-central portion of the state, which contrasts with the desert Basin and Range region in the southern portions of the state.
Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. It has borders with New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California, and Mexico, and one point in common with the southwestern corner of Colorado. Arizona has a 389 mile (626 km)long international border with the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.
The state’s per capita income is $40,828, ranking 39th in the U.S. The state had a median household income of US $50,448, making it 22nd in the country and just below the U.S. national median. Early in its history, Arizona’s economy relied on the “five C’s”: copper, cotton, cattle, citrus, and climate (tourism). At one point, Arizona was the largest producer of cotton in the country. Copper is still extensively mined from many expansive open-pit and underground mines, accounting for two-thirds of the nation’s output.
For more Arizona relocation information, visit the Arizona Wikipedia.